Franklin Delano Roosevelt, born on January 30, 1882, was the 32nd President from 1933 until his death in 1945. The New Deal that he implemented remains a textbook strategy for pulling the nation out of crisis, reducing inequalities, and involving all Americans in the national enterprise.
His famed “Four Freedoms” speech (his State of the Union, 1/6/1941, enunciating, as carved in the FDR Memorial near the Tidal Basin in Washington DC: freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, and freedom from fear) still resonates today.
And the country is still working on implementing his “Second Bill of Rights” speech (State of the Union, delivered as a Fireside Chat, 1/11/1944), which lists eight “self-evident” economic rights (bullets here added):
…In our day these economic truths have become accepted as self-evident. We have accepted, so to speak, a second Bill of Rights under which a new basis of security and prosperity can be established for all — regardless of station, or race or creed.
Among these are:
• The right to a useful and remunerative job in the industries, or shops or farms or mines of the nation;
• The right to earn enough to provide adequate food and clothing and recreation;
• The right of farmers to raise and sell their products at a return which will give them and their families a decent living;
• The right of every business man, large and small, to trade in an atmosphere of freedom from unfair competition and domination by monopolies at home or abroad;
• The right of every family to a decent home;
• The right to adequate medical care and the opportunity to achieve and enjoy good health;
• The right to adequate protection from the economic fears of old age, and sickness, and accident and unemployment;
• And finally, the right to a good education.